Income and benefits
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual wage for electricians was $56,180 in 2019. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $33,410, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $96,580. The top paying industry was the government, where the median annual salary is $62,940. This was followed by manufacturing ($60,000), electrical contractors and other wiring installation contractors ($54,630) and employment services ($49,140).
It is important to note that the median income for electricians will vary with their experience and skill level, the industry, and the size of the company they work for.
Autonomy and Flexibility
The level of autonomy and flexibility for an electrician will vary greatly depending on the amount of experience they have and the size of the company they work for. For instance, an electrician with 10 years experience will have more control over their decisions than an apprentice. Similarly, a self-employed/contractor electrician is likely to have more flexibility than those who work for a large company. However, the downside to this is that they will be responsible for ensuring that ongoing work is available.
Locations and commute
According to Zippia, the best states to be a electrician in 2020, based on annual salary and number of job opportunities, are:
- Alaska, where the average annual salary is $61,234
- Wyoming, where the average annual salary is $58,833
- New Hampshire, where the average annual salary is $58,852
- Nevada, where the average annual salary is $58,664
- Oregon, where the average annual salary is $57,952
The worst states were Louisiana, North Carolina, Florida, Arizona and Hawaii.
The largest employer of electricians in the United States was electrical contractors and other wiring installation contractors, which employed 67% of electricians. This was followed by the manufacturing industry, which employed 7% of all electricians, self-employed workers (5%), the government (3%) and employment services (3%).
Electricians work both indoors and outdoors at homes, businesses, factories, and construction sites. Because electricians must travel to different worksites, commuting is often required. Whilst at work, electricians may occasionally have to work in cramped spaces. The long periods of standing and kneeling can be tiring and electricians may be exposed to dirt, dust, debris, or fumes. Those working outside may be exposed to hot or cold temperatures and inclement weather. Those who work in factories are often subject to noisy machinery.
Many electricians work alone, but sometimes they collaborate with others. Electricians employed by large companies are likely to work as part of a crew, directing helpers and apprentices to complete jobs.