Heather Harper

Heather Harper is the lead content manager for The Career Project. Her interests include organizational psychology and the impacts of variables upon workplace productivity and job satisfaction. Heather holds an MSc in Organisational Psychology from the University of Manchester, as well as a Bachelor's degree in Psychology from University of Lincoln. While at the University of Manchester, she completed her master's thesis which was entitled: "The variability of personality expression in response to situational cues and it’s relationship to job satisfaction". Heather is based in Cambridge, UK.

The Guardian Temperament

The ‘guardian’ is one of the four temperaments in the Keirsey Temperament Sorter, which groups together personality types of the 16 personalities model based on behavior and action. Like each of the four of the temperaments, it is composed of four of the 16 personality types which share many similarities. In the case of guardians, each of the four types shares a sense of dutifulness, a strong work-ethic and a moral compass. In this article, we will explore each guardian type. We will explore what core characteristics make them similar, and what characteristics differentiate them. We’ll then apply this information …

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The Idealist Temperament

‘Idealist’ is one of the four temperaments introduced in Kiersey’s personality model. Characterized by those who are giving, trusting and spiritual, the idealist temperaments often demonstrate similar behaviors and, as result, look for similar things in a career. However, there are, of course, difference between each of the four idealist types too. In this article, we will explore the common characteristics shared by all four of the idealist types. We will then also explore how each idealist type behaves differently, and what this might mean for their career considerations. Overview of the Idealist Temperament The idealist temperament is comprised of …

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The Artisan Temperament

‘Artisan’ is one of the four temperaments introduced by David Keirsey in his Keirsey Temperament Sorter.  Like each of Keirsey’s temperaments, the Artisans is comprised of four of the 16 personality types (outlined below) and groups these types together based on behavior and actions. Like all of the temperaments, each of the four types share many core characteristics. In this article, we will explore the commonalities of the artisan types. We will also explore the different characteristics between each artisan type and discuss how this may impact career choices. Overview of the Artisan Temperament The artisan temperament is comprised of …

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What is the Keirsey Temperament Sorter?

The Keirsey Temperament Sorter is a means of classifying personality types across four scales of behavior. The model was introduced by David Keirsey, and is based on the earlier work of Carl Jung and then later the additions of Katharine Cook Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers.  It is designed to help us to understand ourselves, and others, a little better. In this article, we will first explore the history of the various related personality models that we collectively call the “16 Personality Types“. We will then look at each of Keirsey’s four temperaments, and how they impact career-fit and work-style. …

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Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs… and His Big Revision

This post introduces you to Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and explains how you can use it for a more fulfilling life, not just via self-actualization but also self-transcendence. Introduced by Abraham Maslow in 1943, the hierarchy proposes that human motivation is a result of attempts to fulfill five very basic hierarchical needs. In order to live a joyful and fulfilling life, we must satisfy all the needs in the hierarchy. But, as the name suggests, we must first satisfy the lower needs before the highest ones are fulfilled. Maslow’s Original 5 Needs The first 4 needs in Maslow’s hierarchy are …

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Business Leaders: 10 Tips to Keep Your Team Motivated

As a team leader, you are responsible for the outcome and performance of that team. In order to achieve great things, you need to have correctly motivated and inspired team members. This can feel like a task that is hard to crack. But, don’t fear – this post summarizes our 10 top tips on how to keep your team motivated… enjoy! 1. Be a supportive leader This is perhaps the most obvious tip on our list of tips on how to keep your team motivated. Yet, not one to be ignored! One way to ensure your employees are correctly inspired …

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How small business owners can use social media to their advantage

In the United States alone, an estimated 244 million people used social media in 2018. On top of this, that number is expected to increase to exceed 257 million by 2023. With this number of people readily available, it is crucial to learn how to use social media to your advantage so that you, and/or your business, doesn’t get left behind… What is social media? Social media includes websites and applications that enable users to create and share content. We’ve all heard of these sites/applications, whether we use it or not: Instagram, Facebook, LinkedIn, Twitter, Pinterest and more recently Tik …

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How to be an Effective Team Player at Work

Team players bring copious benefits to any team. Therefore, it is of no surprise that more and more employers are specifically looking for ‘effective team players’ when hiring the ideal candidates. But, what is an effective team player and how can you become one at work? Let’s discuss! What is an effective team player? I suppose every single one of us will have a slightly different view as to what exactly makes an effective team player. However, in general there is a universal understanding that an effective team player will have qualities such as: Being collaborative. This means that they …

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Solving the Debate: Should we be Personality Testing in the Workplace?

The Institute of Student Employers reported that 92% of employers used some form of personality testing in the hiring process. Clearly, personality testing is more popular than ever. But should companies really be using personality testing in the recruitment process? Should companies be using personality testing in the work place? Many businesses are using tools created by psychologists that are designed to measure our personality. Some of the most popular tools include the Myer-Briggs type indicator, 16 personality factors, Five-factor model tests, and the Hogan Personality Inventory. Granted, our personality makes up a huge part of our-self. But should it be …

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Effective Altruism: How your job or career can make a meaningful contribution to society

What is Effective Altruism? Effective Altruism is a philosophical and social movement. It advocates using evidence and reasoning to determine the most effective way to aid and benefit others. ‘Altruism‘ means having the selfless concern for the well-being of others. If you are altruistic, you have the strong desire to promote and protect someone else’s welfare. A lot of us behave in an altruistic manner. We donate occasionally to charities. Maybe we’ve participated in charity fun run or relay race. Or, we might buy Christmas cards where the proceeds go to a particular charity. Of course, this is doing a …

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